Place the chicken pieces in a large pot, cover with water and bring to the boil. Remove scum as it rises. Add the garlic, onion and peppercorns (it is easier to remove scum when no peppercorns float in the liquid). Lower the heat, cover and simmer for an hour.
Scoop out the chicken, cool and separate the meat from the bones.
Strain the broth.
Heat the cooking oil in a large pot. Saute the garlic, onion and tomatoes until they start to turn soft. Add the chicken meat and upo cubes. Pour in the broth. Season with patis and add a generous amount of freshly ground pepper. Bring to the boil, lower the heat, cover and simmer for 15 to 20 minutes or until the upo is done.
Garnish with snipped cilantro (optional but highly recommended) and serve at once.
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